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  主持人(YABO官方网站新闻办公室副主任阴志华): 各位记者上午好!欢迎参加YABO官方网站2021年第二季度例行新闻发布会。在今年2月3日,交通运输部第二次部务会议通过了《邮件快件包装管理办法》,并将其作为今年的一号部令予以颁布。今天,我们邀请到YABO官方网站市场监管司副司长管爱光女士就《办法》为大家进行解读。解读结束后,大家可以就相关问题进行提问。下面有请管副司长。

  管爱光: 2021年2月3日,《邮件快件包装管理办法》(以下简称《办法》)经交通运输部第2次部务会议通过,以2021年第1号中华人民共和国交通运输部令颁布,自2021年3月12日起施行。该《办法》是国内首部yabo官网快递包装治理的专项部门规章,现将有关情况向大家做个介绍。

  一、《办法》制定背景和意义

  dangdeshibadayilai,youzhengkuaidiyeshixiankuayueshifazhan,jichuxing、xiandaoxing、zhanlvexingzuoyonggengjiatuchu,kuaidiyewuliangwenjushijiediyi。zaixingyekuaisufazhandetongshi,youjiankuaijianbaozhuangyejihuanjingbaohudailaiyidingyali,youqishikuaidibaozhuangwentiyinqishehuigejiedeguangfanguanzhu。zaicibeijingxia,chutai《banfa》juyouzhongyaoyiyi。

  (yi)zhiding《banfa》shiguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujixiangguanzhongyaozhishipishijingshendezhongyaojucuo。dangzhongyang、guowuyuangaoduzhongshikuaidibaozhuangwenti,xijinpingzongshujixianhouduocijiukuaidibaozhuanglvsezhiligongzuozuochuzhongyaozhishipishi。quanmianjiaqiangkuaidibaozhuanglvsezhiligongzuoshiquanxingyebixudanfuqidezhongyaozhengzhirenwu,shiyouzhengkuaidiyeguancheluoshixijinpingshengtaiwenmingsixiangdejutitixian,shituidongxingyejianxinglvsefazhanlinian、zhuanbianshengchanfangshideyoulizhuashou。kuaidibaozhuanglvsezhili,xuyaocongfalvzhiducengmianjianlizhangxiaojizhi,hangshixingyeyifaxingzhengdefazhijichu。tongguozhidingchutai《banfa》,youliyuguancheluoshixijinpingzongshujizhongyaozhishipishijingshen,jiakuaijianliyulvselinianxiangshiyingdekuaidibaozhuangfalvtixi。

  (er)zhiding《banfa》shiguifanyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangguanlihecujinxingyelvsegaozhiliangfazhandezhongyaozhuashou。jingguojinjiniandechixuzhili,youjiankuaijianbaozhuangwentidedaomingxiangaishan,danshi,baozhuangcaozuobuguifanwentiyirantuchu,shiyongbufuhebiaozhundebaozhuang、guodubaozhuangxianxiangshiyoufasheng。zhidingchutai《banfa》,guifanyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangxuanyonghecaozuo,mingqueqiyefadingyiwu,wanshanfalvzeren,jianquanjianguancuoshi,duituijinbaozhuangcaozuoguifanhuajianshe,shixianbaozhuangzhilichangtaihuahexingyelvsegaozhiliangfazhandoujuyouzhongyaoyiyi。tongshi,suizheyoujiankuaijianbaozhuanglvsezhiligongzuodeshenrutuijin,xingyezaituijinbaozhuanglvsehua、jianlianghuahekexunhuandengfangmiankaizhanleyixieyouyitansuo,qudeyixiejingyan,tongguozhiding《banfa》,jiangcileijingyanzuofajiayitilianhefazhihua,youliyufahuifazhiyinlingheguifanzuoyong,genghaozhidaohetuidonglvseshijian。

  (san)zhiding《banfa》shiyifaxingzhenghetishengyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangzhilinenglidezhongyaobaozhang。jinnianlai,dangzhongyang、guowuyuanweiraoshenhua“fangguanfu”gaigezuochuleyixiliezhongdajuecebushu,chixutuijinzhengfuzhinengzhuanbian。chuangxinzhili,fazhixianxing。《zhonghuarenmingongheguogutifeiwuwuranhuanjingfangzhifa》《zhonghuarenmingongheguodianzishangwufa》《kuaidizanxingtiaoli》dengshangweifa,junduiyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangtichulefangxiangxing、zhiduxingyaoqiu。tebieshi《gufeifa》,mingqueguidingleyouzhengzhuguanbumenduiyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangdejianduguanlizhize。zhidingben《banfa》,youxiaoluoshihexihuashangweifaxiangguanneirong,jianquanyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangzhilifaguitixi,jiaqiangzhidugongjihefazhibaozhang,shizaiyoujiankuaijianbaozhuanglingyuguancheluoshiguowuyuan“fangguanfu”gaigeyaoqiudezhongyaojucuo,youliyutuidongshixianzhengfuzhili、shichangdiaojie、qiyezizhiheshehuigongzhideliangxinghudong,youliyujinyibutishengjianguanxiaoneng。

  二、起草和征求意见情况

  yaboguanfangwangzhanrenzhenxuexiguanchexijinpingzongshujiyaboguanwangkuaidibaozhuanglvsezhiligongzuodezhongyaozhishipishijingshen,yiju《zhonghuarenmingongheguoyouzhengfa》、《gufeifa》、《dianzishangwufa》、《kuaidizanxingtiaoli》he《youzhengyejidianquanjianduguanlibanfa》dengguiding,jianchikexuelifaheminzhulifa,zaishenrukaizhandiaochayanjiu、jisiguangyidejichushang,yu2020nian5yuechuqicaoxingchengle《banfa》zhengqiuyijiangao。

  zi2020nian5yuexiaxundao7yuexiaxunlianggeyuedeshijiannei,xianhoushumianzhengqiuleyouzhengyeshengtaihuanbaogongzuolingdaoxiaozugechengyuandanwei、geshengjuhegepinpaijidiqiyezongbu、youjiankuaijianbaozhuangshengchanqiyeyijixiangguanbuweideyijian,fanfulunzhenghexiugaiwanshan。6yue30rizhi7yue30ri,anchengxuxiangshehuigongkaizhengqiuyijian。7yue21ri,huitongguojiafagaiweizuzhizhuyaopinpaijidiqiyezongbuzhaokai《banfa》yantaohui,tingquyijianjianyi。7yue31ri,zuzhizhuyaoshehuihuanbaozuzhi、xingyexiehuiyijixinhuashe、renminribaodengmeitidexiangguanzhuanjiadaibiaojinxingzuotan,mianduimiantingquyijian。ciwai,yaboguanwanghaimianxiangshehuigongzhongkaizhanleyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangwenjuandiaocha,quanmianlejieminqingminyi,hangshilifagongzuogenji。zaicijichushang,xingchengle《banfa》songshengao。11yue5ri,yaboguanfangwangzhanjuzhangbangonghuiyijuedingjiangsongshengaotiqingjiaotongyunshubushenyi。2021nian2yue3ri,jiaotongyunshububuwuhuiyishenyitongguo。

  三、《办法》主要内容

  《banfa》weiraoyoujiankuaijianyongshenmebao、zenmebao、zenmeguansangeguanjianwenti,mingquelezhidushejihetiaokuanneirong。gongjiliuzhang47tiao,jizongze、baozhuangxuanyong、baozhuangcaozuo、jianduguanli、falvzeren、fuzeliuzhang。《banfa》detedian、liangdiantixianzaiyixiajigefangmian:

  一是明确寄递企业总部的统一管理责任。《办法》明确规定寄递企业应当建立健全包装管理制度,使用统一的商标、字号或者寄递详情单经营寄递业务的,商标、字号或者寄递详情单所属企业应当对邮件快件包装实行统一管理。

  二是注重立法衔接和协同共治。《办法》落实《固废法》《电子商务法》相关内容,注重立法衔接,针对包装循环重复使用、包装物回收利用、一次性塑料制品管控等问题,进一步细化了相关规定。《办法》明确了关联产业、产学研、行业自律等条款,鼓励寄递企业与制造业、农业、商贸业等关联产业企业加强协同,推进一体化包装和简约包装。同时,支持企业开展包装研发,加强产学研衔接,促进邮件快件包装产品、技术、模式创新和应用。

  三是强化邮件快件包装源头治理。《办法》针对“包装选用”单设一章,明确了包装选用要求和原则,规定寄递企业应当严格执行包装物管理制度,采购使用符合国家规定的包装物,优先采用可重复使用、易回收利用的包装物,优化邮件快件包装,减少包装物的使用。鼓励寄递企业采购使用通过绿色产品认证的包装物,规定寄递企业通过宽度较小胶带、加强结构性设计、推广使用电子运单、选用尺寸合适的包装箱等措施减少包装物用量。同时,针对一次性塑料产品替代、包装物中重金属含量和苯类溶剂残留管控等问题,明确企业责任,强化源头治理。此外,规定寄递企业加强对协议用户的引导和管理,推动共同落实绿色包装要求。

  四是突出包装操作标准化和规范化建设。《办法》规定,寄递企业要根据有关法律法规以及强制性标准制修订本单位包装操作规范,并按国务院邮政管理部门规定备案。明确寄递企业应当建立并实施从业人员岗前培训、在岗培训制度,加强包装操作知识技能培训;规范操作和文明作业,避免抛扔、踩踏、着地摆放邮件快件等行为,防止包装物破损。为避免过度包装,防止污染环境,《办法》要求寄递企业按照环保、节约的原则,合理进行包装操作,不得过多缠绕胶带,尽量减少包装层数、空隙率和填充物。此外,鼓励寄递企业建立健全工作机制和回收流程,对包装物进行回收再利用。

  五是创新邮件快件包装监督管理制度。经过近年来的持续探索,邮政管理部门在邮件快件包装监督管理方面积累了一些行之有效的做法,包括信息报告、定期通报、评价评估、监督检查、社会监督等,《办法》对上述做法予以固化。同时,结合邮件快件包装未来趋势,《办法》规定了包装物编码管理制度,体现了一定的创新性和前瞻性,为后续推动实现邮件快件包装溯源管理奠定了法制基础。

  六是明晰法律责任。针对邮件快件包装管理关键问题和寄递企业的主要法定义务,《办法》从包装统一管理、使用符合标准包装、协议用户引导和管理、包装操作规范制定和备案、包装操作培训、避免过度包装、行业塑料污染治理等七方面明确了违法行为的法律责任,保障《办法》真正落地实施。

  zonghelaikan,《banfa》jianchimubiaodaoxianghewentidaoxiang,jujiaoguifanyouzhengkuaidilingyubaozhuangguanli,zhuzhongxitongshejiheduofangxietong,congbaozhuangdecaigoushiyong、baozhuangcaozuodenghuanjie,mingquejidiqiyezhutizerenhefadingyiwu,wanshanjianguanzhilicuoshi,mingquefalvzeren,lizuguanyongshiyong,duishijianzhongxingzhiyouxiaodejianguanfangshiyuyiguhua,bingshixianlezhidushejishangdetupohechuangxin,bijiangduijiakuaituijinkuaidibaozhuanglvsezhuanxinghexingyelvsegaozhiliangfazhanqidaoyoulidetuidongzuoyong。

  xiayibu,youzhengguanlibumenjiangzhongdianzhuahao《banfa》xuanguanshishi,guangfankaizhanxuanchuanpeixun,wanshanpeitaozhidu,jiaqiangzhifajiancha,qianghuazhichengbaozhang,yingzaoyoufabiyi、zhifabiyan、weifabijiudelianghaofenwei,quebao《banfa》dedaoyouxiaoguancheluoshi。

  主持人: 感谢管副司长的发布。下面是提问时间,请各位记者提问。

  新华社记者: 《办法》的出台,对寄递服务用户会有什么影响呢?

  管爱光: 邮件快件包装涉及生产企业、寄递企业和用户等多方主体。加强邮件快件包装管理,需要多方协同共治。用户是寄递服务中重要的参与者和影响者,快递包装绿色治理离不开用户的配合和支持。

  shouxian,yonghuyingdangzunshouyoujiankuaijianbaozhuangdejibenyuanzeheyibanyaoqiu。《banfa》diwutiaoguiding,baozhuangyoujiankuaijianyingdangjianchishiyong、anquan、huanbaoyuanze,fuhejidishengchanzuoyehebaozhanganquandeyaoqiu,jieyueshiyongziyuan,bimianguodubaozhuang,fangzhiwuranhuanjing。diliutiaoguiding,jinzhishiyongbufuhefalv、xingzhengfaguiyijiguojiayouguanguidingdecailiaobaozhuangyoujiankuaijian。shangshuyaoqiubujinjinshiyongyujidiqiye,yeshiyongyuyonghu。

  qici,yonghudezibeibaozhuangwuyingdangfuhexiangguanguiding。《banfa》diershiyitiaoguiding,jijianrenzibeibaozhuangwu、buxuyaojidiqiyetigongde,qizibeibaozhuangwuyingdangfuhefalv、xingzhengfaguiyijiguowuyuanheguowuyuanyouguanbumenyaboguanwangjinzhijidiwupinhexianzhijidiwupindeguiding。weifangbianyonghuzhangwolejiexiangguanyaoqiu,gaitiaodierkuanzhenduixieyiyonghuzheiyiteshuyonghuleibie,haimingqueguidinglejidiqiyedeshumiangaozhiyiwu。

  zaici,peihejidiqiyeluoshiyouguanyaoqiu。《banfa》congbaozhuangxuanyong、fengzhuangcaozuo、baozhuanghuishouzailiyongdengfangmian,quanmianguidinglejidiqiyedeyiwu,jidiqiyelvxingxiangyingyiwuduoshulibukaiyonghudepeihe,liru,duikuaidiyuanyizhaoguifanjinxingdebaozhuangcaozuo,yonghubuyitichuguoduochanraojiaodaidengbuhelideyaoqiu;zibeibaozhuangwubufuheguiding,kuaidiyuanyaoqiugenghuanhuozhedaiweigenghuande,yonghubudejujuehuozuai;duijidiqiyetourushiyongdekexunhuanbaozhuangwu,shoujianrenyingdangzaiquchuneijianhoujiangkexunhuanbaozhuangwuguihaikuaidiyuan。

  zaici,womenhuyuguangdayonghulejie《banfa》xiangguanneirong,jijicanyu、renzhenpeiheyouzhengguanlibumenhejidiqiyedexiangguangongzuo,bianjiekuaidirenrenxiangyou,lvsekuaidirenrenyouze,gongtongweigoujianlvsekuaidi、jianshemeilizhongguozuochugongxian。

  《人民政协报》记者: 《办法》规定,鼓励寄递企业采购使用通过绿色产品认证的包装物,请问,快递包装产品绿色认证工作开展的进度如何?

  管爱光: 在推进邮件快件包装管理工作中,我们发现,实施包装产品绿色认证,使用统一的绿色标识,有助于消费者识别、寄递企业采购和使用,监督管理部门现场检查,有利于推进快递包装绿色治理工作有序进行。鉴于此2020年4月,yabo官网会同国家市场监管总局在全面研究和广泛采纳吸收意见的基础上,印发了《yabo官网开展快递包装绿色认证工作的实施意见》。围绕《意见》落实,yabo官网印发了《快递包装绿色产品认证技术要求》,两部门联合发布了《yabo官网发布〈快递包装绿色产品认证目录(第一批)〉〈快递包装绿色产品认证规则〉的公告》,快递包装绿色产品认证体系基本建立。

  jinqi,liangbumenyijingwanchenglvserenzhengjishuzhuanjiazudezujiangongzuo,weirenzhengshishiguochengzhongjishuwentitigongzhuanyezhicheng;yindaorenzhengjigoushenqingyewukuoxiang,yiyoubufenrenzhengjigouqudelekuaidibaozhuanglvsechanpinrenzhengzizhi。kuaidibaozhuangshengchanqiyejijiyongyuetichuchanpinlvserenzhengshenqing。xiayibu,womenjianghuitongshichangjianguanzongjujiakuaituijinxiangguangongzuo,zhengqujinkuaiwanchengdiyipilvserenzhengzhengshudebanfa。

  《中国交通报》记者: 《办法》要求邮件快件包装坚持实用、安全、环保原则,避免过度包装。请问,在防止过度包装上,邮政管理部门将采取哪些措施?

  管爱光: 《办法》在总则第五条包装原则,明确了“避免过度包装”的要求。同时,第二十五条规定,寄递企业应当按照环保、节约的原则,根据邮件快件内件物品的性质、尺寸、重量,合理进行包装操作,防止过度包装,不得过多缠绕胶带,尽量减少包装层数、空隙率和填充物。第四十四条明确了过度包装的法律责任,为邮政管理部门开展过度包装治理提供了强有力的法制保障。

  weiyouxiaoluoshi《banfa》yaboguanwangguodubaozhuangdeshangshuguiding,youzhengguanlibumenjiangcaiquyixiacuoshi: yishituidongchutai《kuaidiyexianzhiguodubaozhuangyaoqiu》xingyebiaozhun。jiehexingyeshijijinyibuxihuaguodubaozhuangderendingyiju,fangbianquanxingyecaozuozhixing。ershizuzhikaizhanguodubaozhuangzhuanxiangzhili。zhengquliyongyiniandeshijian,youxiaoezhiguodubaozhuangdengweifaweiguixingwei,chubugoujianfangzhiguodubaozhuangdezhangxiaogongzuojizhi。jihua4yuefenzhengshiqidongzhuanxiangzhili。sanshijiaqiangchangtaihuajianguan。qianghuaxuanchuanpeixun,jiaqiangjianduguanli,buduantishengjidiqiyeguifanbaozhuangcaozuodeyishihenengli,yingzaodizhiguodubaozhuang、bimianguodubaozhuangdelianghaofenwei。

  《法治日报》记者: 《办法》已经正式生效实施,围绕《办法》贯彻落实,邮政管理部门将采取哪些措施?

  管爱光: 3月12日,yabo官网印发了《贯彻实施〈邮件快件包装管理办法〉工作方案》,动员和部署全行业多渠道宣传、全方位落实《办法》,切实做到有法必依、执法必严、违法必究。

  zhongdianjiangzuohaosanfangmiandegongzuo: yishikaizhanxuanchuanpeixun。ducuhezhidaogediyouzhengguanlibumenhejidiqiyejiehegongzuoshijizhuahaoxuanchuanpeixun,shenkelinghui《banfa》tiaowen,shulianzhangwoxiangguanneirong。ershichutaipeitaoguiding。luoshi《gufeifa》dengshangweifaguiding,qianghuayoujixianjie,yanjiuchutaixingyeshengtaihuanbaoxinxibaogao、baozhuangcaozuoguifanbeiandengfangmiandepeitaozhidu。sanshiyangexingzhengzhifa。yangezhifa,shizuiyouxiaodepufa。womenjianganzhao“sheizhifa、sheipufa”deyuanze,zhidaogediyouzhengguanlibumenzhenduibaozhuangtongyiguanli、shiyongfuhebiaozhunbaozhuang、xieyiyonghuyindaoheguanli、baozhuangcaozuoguifanzhidinghebeian、baozhuangcaozuopeixun、bimianguodubaozhuang、xingyesuliaowuranzhilidengfangmianqianghuajianduguanlihexingzhengzhifa,chixuzhuahaofalvheguizhangguidingdeguancheluoshi,quebaoxiangguanguidingzaixingyeneiluodishenggen。

  weigoujianzhangxiaojizhi,womenjihuazai2022nian4yuefen,yejiushi《banfa》shengxiaoshishimanyizhounianhou,zuzhikaizhanzhuanxiangzhifajiancha,qianghuashishijiandu,quebao《banfa》dedaoyouxiaodeguancheluoshi。

  主持人: 刚才,管副司长进行了发布并回答了大家的提问。因为时间关系,今天的发布会到此结束。再次谢谢各位记者朋友!

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